- Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth)
All these vials (except for the mixed vial) are available in Bacteria
1 and Bacteria 2. They have been brought together into this kit for
convenience for practitioners working in this field.
bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) refers to a condition in which abnormally
large numbers of bacteria are present in the small intestine, and
the types of bacteria found in the small intestine are more like the
bacteria found in the colon. Also known as small bowel bacterial overgrowth
diverticulitis (where the pockets allow the build-up of bacteria),
scarring from abdominal surgery (interfering with the proper movement
of food and bacteria through the small intestine), Crohns disease,
scleroderma and diabetes mellitus.
flatulence, diarrhoea, constipation and abdominal bloating and abdominal
pain. May experience body aches and/or fatigue. If the condition is
severe or long-lasting, it may interferes with the proper absorption
of vitamins and minerals. Weight loss may also be a problem. Symptoms
occur because the bacteria produce gas, compete with their human host
for the food in the small intestine, may produce toxic by-products
that irritate the small intestine.
SIBO 01 Bacteroides
Involved in 90% of anaerobic peritoneal infections of the abdominal
SIBO 02 Clostridium
Botulism, muscle paralysis, vomiting, tiredness, food poisoning.
SIBO 03 Clostridium
Diarrhoea, colitis, peritonitis. Often a problem after normal gut
flora is eradicated by the use of antibiotics; infection often occurs
in hospital and in nursing homes; some adults have low numbers of
the bacteria without any symptoms; common in the intestine of babies
and infants, but does not cause disease because its toxins do not
damage their immature intestinal cells.
SIBO 04 Clostridium
Pneumonia. Widely distributed in the environment and frequently occurs
in the intestines of humans and many domestic and feral animals.
SIBO 05 Clostridium
Causes gangrene. Generally associated with gastro-intestinal or hematologic
malignancies. An association Exists with colon carcinoma.
SIBO 06 Clostridium
Muscle rigidity followed by spasmodic muscle contraction with pallor
and sweating. Found in soil.
SIBO 07 Clostridium
SIBO 08 Enterococcus
Faecalis / Streptococcus Faecalis
Can cause life-threatening infections in humans, especially in the
hospital environment. Frequently found in root canal-treated teeth.
Can cause endocarditis and bacteremia, urinary tract infections, meningitis,
and other infections. Among the main constituents of some probiotic
SIBO 09 Enterococcus
Can be commensal in the human intestine, but it may also be pathogenic,
causing diseases such as neonatal meningitis.
SIBO 10 Escherichia
Coli / E Coli
Causes meningitis in babies, diarrhoea, liver abscess, fever, abdominal
pain, urinary tract infection. Commensal of human intestine; found
in raw and undercooked meat, raw vegetables and unpasteurised milk.
SIBO 11 Group
A Streptococcus / GAS
Often found in the throat and on the skin. Illnesses include strep
throat and occasionally invasive GAS disease. People may be carriers
and experience no health problems themselves.
SIBO 12 Group
B Streptococcus / GBS
In new-borns most commonly causes sepsis (infection of the blood),
pneumonia and sometimes meningitis. In adults causes bloodstream infections,
pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections, and bone and joint infections.
SIBO 13 Klebsiella
Pneumonia and urinary tract infections; tends to affect people with
underlying diseases, particularly in hospital.
SIBO 14 Staphylococcus
Respiratory symptoms, conjunctivitis, styes, difficulty in breathing,
otitis media, pus in lungs, pneumonia, childhood pneumonia, breathlessness,
chest pain, endocarditis, meningitis in elderly, brain abscess, cellulitis,
food poisoning, liver abscess, fever, abdominal pain, urinary tract
infection. Common skin commensal; some strains are now becoming antibiotic
SIBO 15 Staphylococcus
Breathlessness, chest pain, endocarditis, urinary tract infection.
SIBO 16 Staphylococcus
Often implicated in urinary tract infections and cystitis.
SIBO 17 Streptococcus
Neonatal infection, septicaemia, meningitis, nosocomial infection.
Commensal in intestine and female genital tract.
SIBO 18 Streptococcus
Found commonly as a contaminant in milk and dairy products; a common
cause of souring and coagulation of milk; some strains produce nisin,
a powerful antibiotic that inhibits growth of many other gram-positive
SIBO 19 Streptococcus
Part of the normal mammal flora; found in mouth, throat, and nasopharynx.
Can cause endocarditis.
SIBO 20 Streptococcus
SIBO 21 Streptococcus
Conjunctivitis, difficulty in breathing, sinusitis, otitis media,
pus in lungs, pneumonia, childhood pneumonia, meningitis, meningitis
in elderly and children, brain abscess; associated with increased
risk of fatal heart complications including heart failure and heart
attacks. Commensal of human upper respiratory tract.
SIBO 22 Streptococcus
Sore throat, tonsillitis/ pharyngitis, difficulty in breathing, sinusitis,
otitis media, pus in lungs, lung abscess, pneumonia, rheumatic fever,
scarlet fever, impetigo, cellulitis, liver abscess, fever, abdominal
pain, toxic shock, septicaemia.
SIBO 23 Streptococcus
The principal commensal bacterium of the oral cavity and a normal
inhabitant of the upper respiratory tract. The first bacterium that
colonises dental plaque, creating favourable conditions for other
SIBO 24 Streptococcus Viridians Breathlessness, chest pain, endocarditis.
SIBO 25 Mixed
One vial containing all of the above.