56 Vials $179
37 Vials $119
56 Vials $188
BCT 1 Acinetobacter
Respiratory symptoms, nosocomial infections; ubiquitous in environment.

BCT 2 Actinomyces
Liver abscess, fever, abdominal pain, actinomycosis; Actinomyces Israelii commensal of human mouth.

BCT 3 Bacilli Gram Positive and Negative

BCT 4 Bacillus Megaterium
Meningitis; present in the throats of about 10% of the population.

BCT 5 Bacillus Subtilus
Produces sticky yellow patches on bread.

BCT 6 Bordetella Pertussis
Whooping cough.

BCT 7 Borrelia Burgdorferi
Lyme disease (Lyme Borreliosis) vector is a tick which is dependent on wild rodents and deer.

BCT 8 Brucella Abortus
Influenza- like symptoms, fever, arthritis, headaches, irritability, insomnia and confusion, septicemia from cattle; unpasteurised dairy products.

BCT 9 Campylobacter
Food poisoning, diarrhoea; on increase. Types C. jejuni and c. fetus; found in raw meat, untreated water and unpasteurised dairy products.

BCT 10 Clostridium Botulinum
Botulism, muscle paralysis, vomiting, tiredness, food poisoning caused by the neurotoxin of CB.

BCT 11 Clostridium Tetani
Muscle rigidity followed by spasmodic muscle contraction with pallor and sweating; found in soil.

BCT 12 Clostridium Welchii

BCT 13 Cocci Gram Pos and Neg

BCT 14 Corynebacterium Diphtheriae
Diphtheria, tonsillitis/ pharyngitis, croup.

BCT 15 Escherichia Coli
Meningitis in babies, diarrhoea, liver abscess, fever, abdominal pain, urinary tract infection; commensal of human intestine; popularly known as E. Coli; found in raw and undercooked meat, raw vegetables and unpasteurised milk.

BCT 16 Gardnerella Vaginalis
Occasionally slightly smelly, non-itchy discharge; commensal of female vagina.

BCT 17 Haemophilus Influenzae
Conjunctivitis, difficulty in breathing, sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, meningitis in children; commensal in human upper respiratory tract. 6 types; type b causes meningitis.

BCT 18 Helicobacter Pylori
Gastritis, dyspepsia, peptic ulcer, possibly gastric cancer.

BCT 19 Legionella Pneumophila
Respiratory symptoms, pus in lungs, lung abscess, Legionnaires’ disease, hepatitis; nosocomial infection; a widespread naturally occurring aquatic organism, transmitted by airborne droplets often from air-conditioning units.

BCT 20 Leptospiria
High fever, headache, myalgia, conjunctivitis, Weil’s disease transmitted by rodents and infected water; 2 sub-species.

BCT 21 Listeria Monocytogenes
Meningitis in babies; from unpasteurised dairy products and inadequately cooked meat, ubiquitous in soil.

BCT 22 Mycobacterium Bovis
Pneumonia, tuberculosis.

BCT 23 Mycobacterium Leprae
Leprosy endemic in Africa, India, SE Asia, Central and South America.

BCT 24 Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
T.B., conjunctivitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, childhood pneumonia, tuberculosis, chronic hepatitis, urinary tract infection.

BCT 25 Mycoplasma Pneumoniae
Croup, otitis media, pus in lungs, childhood pneumonia, acute hepatitis; commensal of human respiratory tract.

BCT 26 Neisseria Gonorrhoea
Gonorrhea, conjunctivitis, tonsillitis/ pharyngitis, pain on passing urine, discharge, pain in abdomen.

BCT 27 Neisseria Meningitidis /Meningococcus
Conjunctivitis, tonsillitis/ pharyngitis, pneumonia, meningitis, meningitis in children in western countries group B is predominant organism followed by C . Group A in parts of Africa, Middle East and India.

BCT 28 Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
Urinary tract infection, respiratory symptoms, otitis media, lung abscess, meningitis in babies, wound infection; commensal of human intestinal flora.

BCT 29 Salmonella
Food poisoning, diarrhoea; on increase; found in raw meat, poultry, eggs, raw unwashed vegetables, unpasteurised dairy products.

BCT 30 Salmonella Paratyphi

BCT 31 Salmonella Typhi
Typhoid fever, liver abscess, fever, abdominal pain, food poisoning.

BCT 32 Shigella
Diarrhoea, bacillary dysentery 4 sub-groups: S. dysenteriae (developing countries), S. flexneri (developing countries), S. boydii, S. sonnei (endemic in developed countries).

BCT 33 Staphylococcus Aureus
Respiratory symptoms, conjunctivitis, styes, difficulty in breathing, otitis media, pus in lungs, pneumonia, childhood pneumonia, breathlessness, chest pain, endocarditis, meningitis in elderly, brain abscess, cellulitis, food poisoning, liver abscess, fever, abdominal pain, urinary tract infection; common skin commensal; some strains are now becoming antibiotic resistant.

BCT 34 Staphylococcus Epidermidis
Breathlessness, chest pain, endocarditis, urinary tract infection.

BCT 35 Streptococcus Lactis

BCT 36 Streptococcus Agalaciae
Neonatal infection, septicaemia, meningitis, nosocomial infection; commensal in intestine and female genital tract.

BCT 37 Streptococcus Mutans
Dental caries.

BCT 38 Streptococcus Pneumoniae
Conjunctivitis, difficulty in breathing, sinusitis, otitis media, pus in lungs, pneumonia, childhood pneumonia, meningitis, meningitis in elderly and children, brain abscess; commensal of human upper respiratory tract.

BCT 39 Streptococcus Pyogenes
Sore throat, tonsillitis/ pharyngitis, difficulty in breathing, sinusitis, otitis media, pus in lungs, lung abcess, pneumonia, rheumatic fever, scarlet fever, impetigo, cellulitis, liver abscess, fever, abdominal pain, toxic shock, septicaemia.

BCT 40 Streptococcus Viridans
Breathlessness, chest pain, endocarditis.

BCT 41 Vibrio Cholera
Cholera growing problem in S America, Middle East, Africa and Asia.

BCT 42 Yersinia Pestis
Pneumonia, plague.

BCT43 Anthrax
Affects the skin and lungs; spread from livestock; extremely rare in developed countries; but a possible agent of biological warfare.

BCT44 MRSA/ Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
A version of staph aureus that is resistant to antibiotics; can cause death particularly in weakened people most cases occur in hospital patients.

BCT45 Bacillus Cereus
Food poisoning often associated with fried rice that has been cooked and then held at warm temperatures for several hours.

BCT46 Clostridium Perfingens
Pneumonia; widely distributed in the environment and frequently occurs in the intestines of humans and many domestic and feral animals.

BCT47 Enterobacter Aerogenes
Found in human digestive tract.

BCT48 Klebsiella Pneumoniae
Urinary tract infections; pneumonia and urinary tract infections; tends to affect people with underlying diseases, particularly in hospital.

BCT49 Micrococcus Luteus
Inhabits mammalian skin; opportunistic infection.

BCT50 Proteus Vulgaris
Urinary tract infections.

BCT51 Salmonella Enteritidis
Fever, abdominal cramps, and diarrhoea; from contaminated eggs.

BCT52 Streptococcus Mitis
Found in saliva, sputum and faeces.

BCT53 Borrelia Vincent
Causes severe ulcerating gingivitis (trench mouth); typically found in those with poor oral hygiene but can also occur as a result of stress, cigarette smoking and poor nutrition; also can be found in those with serious illnesses.

BCT54 Clostridium Difficile
Diarrhoea, colitis, peritonitis; often after normal gut flora is eradicated by the use of antibiotics; infection often occurs in hospital and in nursing homes; some adults have low numbers of the bacteria without any symptoms; common in the intestine of babies and infants, but does not cause disease because its toxins do not damage their immature intestinal cells.

BCT55 Mycobacterium Paratuberculosis
Found in the intestinal tract of some people with Crohn’s disease (about 7.5% of those studied); found in less than 1% of healthy individuals (Food Safety Authority of Ireland); in the USA, 40% of large dairy herds are infected with Mycobacterium paratuberculosis; can survive pasteurisation.

BCT56 Neisseria Catarrhalis/ Moraxella Catarrhalis / Micrococcus Catarrhalis / Branhamella Catarrhalis
A common cause of otitis media and sinusitis and an occasional cause of laryngitis; causes bronchitis or pneumonia in children and adults with underlying chronic lung disease commensal in nasopharyx.

  BCT 57 Actinomyces Viscosus
Part of the human oral flora, occurring around the teeth, gums and throat in healthy humans. Causes dental caries particularly of the roots of teeth. Can cause abscesses in the mouth, lungs, or the gastrointestinal tract.

BCT 58 Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans / Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans
Part of the human oral flora; also found in severe infections in the oral cavity, mainly the periodontium.

BCT 59 Bacteroides Fragilis
Involved in 90% of anaerobic peritoneal infections of the abdominal cavity.

BCT 60 Burkholderia Cepacia
Tends to affect people who have weakened immune systems or chronic lung diseases, particularly cystic fibrosis; a known cause of infections in hospitalised patients.

BCT 61 Clostridium Septicum
Causes gangrene. Generally associated with gastrointestinal or hematologic malignancies. An association exists with colon carcinoma.

BCT 62 Eikenella Corrodens
A commensal of the human mouth and upper respiratory tract. An opportunistic human pathogen, leading to serious diseases such as periodontitis, osteomyelitis, meningitis, empyema, and endocarditis.

BCT 63 Enterococcus Faecalis / Streptococcus Faecalis
Can cause life-threatening infections in humans, especially in the hospital environment. Frequently found in root canal-treated teeth. Can cause endocarditis and bacteremia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, and other infections. Among the main constituents of some probiotic food supplements.

BCT 64 Enterococcus Faecium
Can be commensal in the human intestine, but it may also be pathogenic, causing diseases such as neonatal meningitis.

BCT 65 Fusobacterium Nucleatum
Found in the mouth and upper respiratory tract. A key component of dental plaque. Possible role in periodontal disease. Occasional cause of abscesses and blood infections.

BCT 66 Gemella Morbillorum / Streptococcus Morbillorum
Part of the normal mouth flora.

BCT 67 Group A Streptococcus / GAS
Often found in the throat and on the skin. Illnesses include strep throat and occasionally invasive GAS disease. People may be carriers and experience no health problems themselves

BCT 68 Group B Streptococus /GBS
In new-borns most commonly causes sepsis (infection of the blood), pneumonia and sometimes meningitis. In adults causes bloodstream infections, pneumonia, skin and soft-tissue infections, and bone and joint infections.

BCT 69 Mycobacterium Abscessus
Causes infections of the skin and the soft tissues under the skin. Also a cause of serious lung infections in those with various chronic lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis. Has been known to contaminate medications and products, including medical devices.

BCT 70 Mycobacterium Intracellulare
Causes lung diseases.

BCT 71 Mycobacterium Marinum
Causes opportunistic infections in humans when the immune system (for example) is compromised already.

BCT 72 Mycoplasma Fermentans
Has been linked to Gulf War Syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis.

BCT 73 Mycoplasma Genitalium
Can be transmitted between partners during unprotected sexual intercourse. Role in genital diseases is still unclear. Believed to be involved in pelvic inflammatory diseases.

BCT 74 Mycoplasma Hominis
Found in the vagina; unclear if it is part of the normal flora. Found in the genito-urinary tract and is considered to be an opportunistic pathogen. Has been associated with post-abortion and post-partum fever.

BCT 75 Mycoplasma Penetrans
Found in the urogenital and respiratory tracts. Has been linked to HIV infections.

BCT 76 Mycoplasma Salivarium
Found in the human mouth; not regarded usually as pathogenic.

BCT 77 Porphyromonas Gingivalis / Bacteroides Gingivalis
Part of the normal flora of the mouth, intestine and urogenital tract. Found in periodontal lesions and associated with adult gingivitis, periodontal disease and mouth abscesses.

BCT 78 Prevotella Intermedia / Bacteroides Intermedia / Bacteroides Melaninogenicu
Involved in periodontal infections, including gingivitis and periodontitis.

BCT 79 Propionibacterium Acnes
Lives on the skin and is linked to the skin condition acne. Largely commensal and part of the skin flora present on most healthy adult human skin.

BCT 80 Proteus Mirabilis
Causes 90% of all Proteus infections in humans. Approximately 25% of people have this bacteria in their faeces. Causes problems when urinary tract is disturbed (e.g. after catheterisation).

BCT 81 Salmonella Enterica / Salmonella Choleraesuis
Causes salmonellosis; family members working with cattle or in a veterinary clinic can be source.

BCT 82 Salmonella Typhimurium/ Salmonella Choleraesuis Serotype Typhimurium / Salmonella Typhi-Murium/ Bacillus Typhimurium /Salmonella Typhi-Murium
Causes gastroenteritis.

BCT 83 Serratia Marcescens / Bacterium Prodigosum
Found on the sub-gingival biofilm of teeth. Commonly found in the respiratory and urinary tracts of hospitalised adults and in the gastrointestinal system of children. May cause pneumonia and urinary tract infections. Often found growing in bathrooms as a pink discoloration and slimy film.

BCT 84 Staphylococcus Saprophyticus
Often implicated in urinary tract infections and cystitis.

BCT 85 Stomatococcus Mucilaginosus /Micrococcus Mucilaginosus / Staphylococcus Salivarius
Part of the normal human oral flora and upper respiratory tract flora.

BCT 86 Streptococcus Salivarius
The principal commensal bacterium of the oral cavity and a normal inhabitant of the upper respiratory tract. The first bacterium that colonises dental plaque, creating favourable conditions for other bacteria.

BCT 87 Treponema Pallidum
Causes diseases such as syphilis.

BCT 88 Ureaplasma Parvum
Can cause male urethritis, supperative arthritis, adverse pregnancy outcomes, chorioamnionitis (inflammation of membranes in the fetus), surgical wound infections, neonatal meningitis, pelvic inflammatory diseases and pyelonephritis.

BCT 89 Ureaplasma Urelyticum
Part of the normal genital flora of both men and women. It is found in about 70% of sexually active humans. Has been linked to (but not confirmed) non-specific urethritis, infertility, chorioamnionitis, stillbirth, premature birth, and, in the perinatal period, pneumonia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and meningitis.

BCT 90 Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci/ VRE
Can live in the human intestines and female genital tract without causing disease; sometimes can cause infections of the urinary tract, the bloodstream, or of wounds associated with catheters or surgical procedures.

BCT 91 Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus / VRSA
A problem for people with other underlying health conditions (such as diabetes and kidney disease), tubes going into their bodies (such as catheters), previous infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and recent exposure to vancomycin, etc.

BCT 92 Vibrio Parahaemolyticus
Found in brackish saltwater and causes gastrointestinal illness ( watery diarrhoea often with abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, fever and chills). Most people become infected by eating raw or undercooked shellfish, particularly oysters
BCT 93 Vibrio Vulnificus
Causes an infection (gastrointestinal illness, fever, or shock) often after eating seafood, especially oysters or exposing an open wound to sea water.


BCT 94 Acinetobacter Baumannii
Opportunistic pathogen, affecting people with compromised immune systems, but it is becoming increasingly important as a hospital-derived (nosocomial) infection. Referred to as ‘Iraqibacter’ due to its seemingly sudden emergence in military treatment facilities during the Iraq War; has continued to be an issue for veterans and soldiers who served in Iraq and Afghanistan.

BCT 95 Acinetobacter Baumannii, Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR-AB)
A multi-drug resistant strain (MDR-AB) A. baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen, affecting people with compromised immune systems, and is becoming increasingly important as a hospital-derived (nosocomial) infection.

BCT 96 Actinomyces Israelii
Found in the vagina, colon, and mouth. Infection is established first by a breach of the mucosal barrier during various procedures (dental, gastrointestinal), aspiration, or pathologies such as diverticulitis; causes actinomycosis (formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs, or gastrointestinal tract).

BCT 97 Actinomyces Odontolyticus
Part of the oral flora; also found in dental plaque and in deep dental caries. Causes actinomycosis - a granulomatous infection with the formation of abscesses in the mouth, lungs, or the gastrointestinal tract. Oral actinomycosis may occur due to trauma such as a tooth extraction or bleeding gums.

BCT 98 Aeromonas Hydrophila
Mainly found in areas with a warm climate. Can cause gastroenteritis, mostly in young children and people who have compromised immune systems or growth problems; also associated with cellulitis. Can cause myonecrosis and eczema in people with compromised or suppressed immune systems, or in rare cases necrotising fasciitis.

BCT 99 Bacteroides Thetaiotaomicron
The most common bacterium found in the human colon / intestinal tract; considered an opportunistic pathogen, frequently associated with peritonitis, septicemia, and wound infections; capable of causing very serious infections, such as intra-abdominal sepsis and bacteraemia.

BCT 100 Bifidobacterium Animalis
Found in the large intestines and important for healthy digestion; used in some probiotic foods, e.g. yoghourt.

BCT 101 Bifidobacterium Sp.
Present in the gastrointestinal tract, mouth and vagina; responsible for suppressing pathogenic microorganisms and are rarely pathogenic themselves. Used as probiotics.

BCT 102 Bordetella Holmesii
Associated with septicaemia, endocarditis, and respiratory illness, especially in immunocompromised patients, such as asplenic or AIDS patients; often seen in conjunction with whooping cough; can cause septic arthritis.

BCT 103 Burkholderia Pseudomallei / Pseudomonas Pseudomallei
Infects humans and animals and causes the disease melioidosis (pain in chest, bones, or joints; cough; skin infections, lung nodules and pneumonia), particularly in Thailand and northern Australia.

BCT 104 Campylobacter Jejuni
Commonly found in animal faeces, so infection through contaminated water and food; the most common causes of bacterial infections in humans worldwide, causing gastroenteritis and food poisoning; has been linked with subsequent development of Guillain–Barré syndrome, which usually develops two to three weeks after the initial illness.

BCT 105 Campylobacter Rectus
Involved with periodontal disease and can cause abscesses in the mouth.

BCT 106 Capnocytophaga Canimorsus
Transmission may occur through bites, licks, or even close proximity with animals. Can cause severe illness in persons with pre-existing conditions. Symptoms include mild flu-like symptoms, fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, malaise, abdominal pain, myalgia, confusion, dyspnoea, headaches, and skin rashes such as exanthema. More severe cases of endocarditis, disseminated intravascular coagulation and meningitis have been reported.

BCT 107 Capnocytophaga Ochracea
Found in the oral cavity; contributes to early plaque formation on teeth by being a physical intermediate link between several Streptococcus species and F. nucleatum; also found in some animal bite wounds.

BCT 108 Capnocytophaga Sputigena
Found in the oral cavity; also found in some animal bite opportunistic pathogen in humans, especially in immunocompromised patients.

BCT 109 Cardiobacterium Hominis
Normally present in the mouth and upper part of the respiratory tract such as nose and throat; very rarely causes endocarditis, an infection of the heart valves.

BCT 110 Citrobacter Freundii
As an opportunistic pathogen, responsible for a number of significant infections; known to be the cause of nosocomial infections of the respiratory tract, urinary tract and blood. C. Represents about 29% of all opportunistic infections.

BCT 111 Clostridium Cadaveris
Usually considered non-pathogenic; unlike other species of Clostridium, it does not produce toxins. Normal component of the human intestinal tract.

BCT 112 Clostridium Sporogenes
Present in the human gastrointestinal tract in some people; in the intestine, it uses tryptophan to synthesize indole and subsequently 3-indolepropionic acid (IPA), which serves as a potent antioxidant within the human body and brain.

BCT 113 Clostridium Tertium Traditionally been considered non-pathogenic, but increasingly being reported as a human pathogen. Has been associated with bacteraemia, meningitis, septic arthritis, enterocolitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, post-traumatic brain abscess, and pneumonia.

BCT 114 Cronobacter Sakazakii / Enterobacter Sakazakii
In infants can cause bacteraemia, meningitis and necrotising enterocolitis; can cause wound infections or urinary tract infections; people with immunocompromising conditions and the elderly may also develop bloodstream infection. Has been found in a variety of dry foods, including powdered infant formula, skimmed milk powder, herbal teas, and starches; also been found in wastewater. Cronobacter illnesses are rare, but they are frequently lethal for infants and can be serious among people with immunocompromising conditions and the elderly.

BCT 115 Eikenella Corrodens / Bacteroides Corrodens
Found in the oral cavity (dental plaque) and the intestinal and genital tracts.

BCT 116 Enterobacter Cloacae Part of the normal gut flora of many humans; not usually a primary pathogen, but is sometimes associated with urinary tract and respiratory tract infections.

BCT 117 Enterococcus Faecium - Vancomycin Resistant (VRE)
Found in the human intestine, but can be pathogenic, causing diseases such as neonatal meningitis or endocarditis. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci is resistant to the antibiotic vancomycin; sometimes called a “superbug”.

BCT 118 Escherichia Coli - Carbapenem Resistant (CRE) E coli strain
Resistant to carbapenem antibiotics; found in hospitals, nursing homes, and other healthcare settings.

BCT 119 Escherichia Hermannii
Generally considered non-pathogenic but has been isolated from human wounds, eye infections, periodontal lesions, and blood.

BCT 120 Eubacterium Yurii
Possibly involved in periodontal disease.

BCT 121 Francisella Tularensis
Can cause Rat bite fever and Haverhill fever; classified as a potentially bioterrorism agent by the US government. Humans can become infected through tick and deer fly bites, skin contact with infected animals, exposure to contaminated water, inhalation of contaminated aerosols or agricultural dusts.

BCT 122 Haemophilus Ducreyi
Causes the sexually transmitted disease chancroid, a major cause of genital ulceration in developing countries characterized by painful sores on the genitalia.

BCT 123 Klebsiella Granulomatis / Calymmatobacterium Granulomatis
Causes the sexually transmitted disease granuloma inguinale (or donovanosis).

BCT 124 Kocuria Rosea
Implicated in occasional urinary tract infections in immunocompromised patients; peritonitis.

BCT 125 Lactobacillus Acidophilus
Occurs naturally in the intestine, mouth, and vagina; helps protect the vagina from pathogenic infection. Also produces enzyme lactase that breaks down milk sugar (lactose) into simple sugars. People who are lactose intolerant do not produce this enzyme. The most commonly used probiotic.

BCT 126 Lactobacillus Bulgaricus
Occurs naturally in the human gastrointestinal tract; helpful to people suffering from lactose intolerance. Used as a probiotic supplement.

BCT 127 Lactobacillus Plantarum
Part of the normal flora -mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract; has significant antioxidant activities and also helps to maintain the intestinal permeability; also able to suppress the growth of gas producing bacterium in the intestines; may cause endocarditis, neonatal meningitis and bacteraemia. Used as a probiotic.

BCT 128 Lactobacillus Salivarius
Lives in the gastrointestinal tract; helps to suppress pathogenic bacteria. Used as a probiotic supplement.

BCT 129 Methanobrevibacter Smithii Note: this is no longer classified as a bacteria but as an archaeon; the predominant archaeon in the human gut, playing an important role in the efficient digestion of polysaccharides (complex sugars) by consuming the end products of bacterial fermentation.

BCT 130 Moraxella Osloensis
Part of the human flora, especially the upper respiratory tract and occasionally of the skin and urogenital tract; has been implicated in conjunctivitis, wound sepsis, vaginal discharges, meningitis, brain abscess, septicaemia, endocarditis, arthritis osteomyelitis and urethritis.

BCT 131 Mycobacterium Avium Complex /MAC
Commensal organisms in humans, living predominantly in the mouth, skin, gastrointestinal, vagina and urinary tracts, and compose a portion of the bacterial gut flora. Can become pathogenic and cause respiratory problems.

BCT 132 Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Drug Resistant (MDR-TB And XDR-TB)
Drug- resistant strains of M tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB: Multidrug Resistant TB bacteria (MDR-TB) and Extensively Drug Resistant TB bacteria (XDR-TB).

BCT 133 Neisseria Mucosa
Part of the normal human nasopharyngeal flora and infrequently causes infections, including meningitis.

BCT 134 Neisseria Subflava
Found in the human upper respiratory tract; generally non-pathogenic, but can in rare cases cause post-operative meningitis.

BCT 135 Peptosstreptococcus
Lives predominantly in the mouth, skin, gastrointestinal, vagina and urinary tracts, and compose a portion of the bacterial gut flora. Can cause brain, liver, breast, and lung abscesses, as well as generalized necrotizing soft tissue infections.

BCT 136 Plesiomonas Shigelloides
Can cause diarrhoea/gastroenteritis.

BCT 137 Prevotella Copri
Helps in the digestion of food as well as helping to keep harmful bacteria at bay; a correlation with the development of rheumatoid arthritis.

BCT 138 Prevotella Melaninogenica
Part of the oral and vaginal flora, particularly in those who eat a lot of carbohydrates and fibre; may cause pneumonia, lung abscesses, and chronic otitis media and sinusitis.

BCT 139 Shigella Flexneri
Causes diarrhoea.

BCT 140 Shigella Sonnei
Causes diarrhoea.

BCT 141 Staphylococcus Haemolyticus, Vancomycin Resistant / VRSH
Strain that resists the antibiotic vancomycin. S haemolyticus is part of the skin flora; infection often associated with the insertion of medical devices, e.g. catheters; has tendency to form biofilms.

BCT 142 Staphylococcus Warneri
Part of the skin flora; rarely causes disease, but may occasionally cause infection in patients whose immune system is compromised.

BCT 143 Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia, Multiple Drug Resistant
A multiple drug resistant strain (MDR). Infection often associated with the insertion of medical devices, e.g. catheters; a relatively unusual cause of pneumonia, urinary tract infection, or bloodstream infection; an increasing problem for people with cystic fibrosis.

BCT 144 Streptobacillus Moniliformis
Causes rat bite fever and Haverhill fever.

BCT 145 Streptococcus Pneumoniae, PRSP And DRSP Penicillin-resistant (PRSP) and drug-resistant strain (DRSP).
S pneumoniae found in the nasopharynx of healthy carriers, who do not experience any symptoms; causes bronchitis, pneumonia, rhinitis, acute sinusitis, otitis media, conjunctivitis, meningitis, bacteraemia, sepsis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, endocarditis, peritonitis, pericarditis, cellulitis, and brain abscesses.

BCT 146 Streptococcus Sanguinis / Streptococcus Sanguis
A normal inhabitant of the healthy mouth where it is particularly found in dental plaque, where it modifies the environment to make it less hospitable for other strains of Streptococcus that cause cavities, such as Streptococcus mutans. The most common cause of subacute bacterial endocarditis.

BCT 147 Treponema Denticola
Part of the microbial community within the mouth; associated with periodontal disease. Has also been isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis.

BCT 148 Veillonella
Part of the microbuial community within mouth and intestine. Very occasionally implicated in cases of osteomyelitis and endocarditis.

BCT 149 Yersinia Enterocolitica
Causes the disease yersiniosis; cquired usually by insufficiently cooked pork or contaminated water, meat, or milk; symptoms may include watery or bloody diarrhea and fever, resembling appendicitis or salmonellosis or shigellosis.