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Code Component Type Organ or System Involved Description
HM1 Adrenocorticotropic / ACTH hormone pituitary stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete other hormones
HM2 Aldosterone hormone adrenal cortex increases re-absorption of sodium from urine and stimulates excretion of potassium
HM3 Androgen hormone contributes to female sex drive; helps in pre-pubertal growth spurt & development of pubic hair.
HM4 Antidiuretic Hormone / ADH / Vasopressin hormone hypothalamus affects urine volume; stored in posterior pituitary.
HM5 Calcitonin / CT hormone thyroid homeostasis of blood calcium and phosphate levels
HM6 Cholecystokinin / CCK hormone inhibits secretion of gastric juice, decreases movement of GI tract, stimulates secretion of pancreatic juice rich in digestive enzymes, causes ejection of bile from gall bladder and opening of sphincters at common duct, and induces a feeling of satiety; may regulate feeding as a “stop eating” signal
HM7 Corticosterone hormone
HM8 Corticotropin Releasing Hormone / CRH hormone hypothalamus stimulates release of ACTH involved in the regulation of food intake, energy homeostasis and stress response
HM9 Cortisone / Cortisol hormone breaks down muscle
HM10 Epinephrine / Adrenaline hormone adrenalla medulla helps body resist stress by increasing heart rate, constricting blood vessels, accelerating respiration, decreasing digestion, increasing efficiency of muscular contractions, increasing blood sugar, stimulating cellular metabolism.
HM11 Follicle-Stimulating Hormone / FSH hormone pituitary stimulates production of eggs and sperm
HM12 Glucocorticoids hormone adrenal cortex resistance to stress. 3 of them: cortisol, corticosterone, and cortisone. Makes sure enough energy is available; conversion of non-carbohydreates into energy; makes blood vessels more sensitive to vessel-constricting chemicals, anti-inflammatory
HM13 Growth Hormone Inhibiting Hormone / GHIH / Somatostatin hormone hypothalamus, pancreas, intestinal tract and regions of the central nervous system outside the hypothalamus Inhibits secretion of acid and pepsin and release of gastrin, insulin and glucagons; inhibits motility of the gall bladder and intestine; suppresses secretion of lipase by the pancreas; slows absorption of nutrients from the gastro-intestinal tract
HM14 Insulin hormone pancreas decreases blood sugar levels; prevents muscle from being broken down
HM15 Luteinizing Hormone hormone pituitary stimulates sexual reproduction activities
HM16 Melanocyte-stimulating Hormone / MSH hormone pituitary increases skin pigmentation. Inhibits fever and peripheral inflammation. Suppresses appetite
HM17 Norepinephrine / Noradrenaline / NE hormone adrenal medulla as epinephrine
HM18 Oestrogen hormone ovary develops and maintains female reproductive structures, especially endometrial lining of uterus, and secondary sex characteristics, including the breasts. Contributes to fluid and electrolyte balance. Important for bone density in both women and men
HM19 Oxytocin / OT hormone hypothalamus contraction of uterus and mammary glands, breast feeding, orgasm, autonomic control of emotions; stored in posterior pituitary; Lowers steroid synthesis in testes
HM20 Parathyroid Hormone / PTH hormone parathyroid helps to control homeostasis of calcium and phosphates in the blood
HM21 Progesterone / PROG hormone ovary helps prepare endometrium for implantation of fertilised ovum and mammary glands for milk secretion. Can inhibit GnRH & PRL
HM22 Prolactin / PRL hormone pituitary initiates milk production by mammary glands. Excess prolactin can lead to absence of ovulation, lack of periods, excessive or spontaneous secretion of milk in women, and decreased sex drive, decreased sperm production and impotence in men. Enhances dopamine secretion. May be involved in the immune system
HM23 Relaxin / RLX hormone ovary and placenta relaxes symphysis pubis & dilates cervix towards end of pregnancy
HM24 Secretin hormone intestinal mucosa inhibits secretion of gastric juices, decreases movement of GI tract, stimulates secretion of pancreatic juice rich in sodium bicarbonate ions, stimulates secretion of bile by hepatic cells of liver
HM25 Testosterone hormone testes produces male characteristics. Builds up muscles in males and females
HM26 Thymosin hormone thymus maturation of T lymphocytes
HM27 Thyroid-stimulating Hormone / TSH hormone pituitary stimulates thyroid gland to produce its hormones
HM28 Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone / TRH hormone hypothalamus stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete TSH
HM29 Triiodothyronine / T3 hormone thyroid regulates metabolism by stimulating carbohydrate and fat breakdown, growth and development, and regulate activity of nervous system resulting in increased and more forceful heart beat, increased motility of GI tract, increased nervousness
HM30 Human Growth Hormone/Somatotropin hormone Anterior Pituitary Increases the growth rate of the skeleton and skeletal muscles in children and teenagers. In adults helps to maintain muscle and bone mass in children and teenagers. In adults helps to maintain muscle and bone mass and promote healing of injuries and tissue repair; speeds up the breakdown of liver glycogen into glucose; excess production may cause diabetes mellitus.