INDUSTRIAL & ENVIRONMENT TEST KITS 1, 2, 3 & 4

INDUSTRIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL TEST KIT 1
25 Vials $85
Code Chemical Common Uses Comments
IE1 1 Acetaldehyde/Ethanal chemical intermediary flammable; carcinogenic category 3
IE1 2 Chlorobenzene phenol, DDT, aniline, paint solvent
IE1 3 p-Cresol/4-Hydroxytoluene starting material for pesticides and herbicides, phenolic resins, disinfectants, antioxidants, plasticizers, degreasers toxic
IE1 4 Cyanuric Chloride/ Trichloro-s-Triazene dyestuffs, pharmaceuticals, herbicides, plastics, explosives, bleaches, disinfectants
IE1 5 Cyclohexane nylon, solvent for oils, fats and waxes, paint remover, solid fuel for camping stoves
IE1 6 Cyclohexanone nylon, adipic acid, nitrocellulose lacquers, celluloid, artificial leather, printing ink flammable
IE1 7 Diethanolamine/
Di-(2-Hydroxyethyl)Amine
detergents, emulsifying agents, manufacture of cosmetics, toiletries, bactericidal and herbicidal products
IE1 8 Diethyleneglycol/ 2,2’-Dihydroxydiethyl Ether softening agent for textiles, solvent for dyes, moistening agent for glues, paper, cork, sponge and tobacco, solvents and plasticizers in lacquers, photography, stain removers, anti-freeze
IE1 9 Glycerol/ Glycerin/ 1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane manufacture of synthetic resins and ester gums, moistening agent for tobacco, inks, lubricants, manufacture of explosives and cellulose films, toothpaste, moisturiser, hair mousse, hair gel, conditioner, conditioner hand and body lotion, shower gel, body wash, mouth wash, gelatine capsules for supplements, cleansing lotion, toning lotion, eye gel, after shave, foundation, sweetening agent in medicines, ear drops, cough mixture, cereal bars, soft-scoop ice cream synthesised from propylene or as a by-product of soap manufacture
IE1 10 Hydrazine derivatives used as blowing agents for foam plastics, antioxidants, herbicides, rocket fuel
IE1 11 Hydrogen Peroxide chemical production, pollution control, textile and paper industries, cleaning products, food bleaching in the body involved in destruction of pathogens by white blood cells
IE1 12 Methanol/ Methyl Alcohol, Wood Spirit, Wood Naptha industrial solvent, manufacture of methanal, methanoic acid and chloromethane, denaturant for ethyl alcohol, antifreeze, paints, duplicating fluids, paint removers, varnishes, shoe polishes, extraction of animal and vegetable oils, fuel for camping stoves, pharmaceutical solvent
IE1 13 Naphthalene dyestuff intermediates, plasticizers, alkyd resins, polyesters, moth balls
IE1 14 Nitrobenzene dyestuffs, manufacture of aniline, soaps, shoe polish
IE1 15 Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) solvents, pharmaceuticals, textiles, cosmetics, lubricating oils, paint, paper
IE1 16 Polyvinyl acetate adhesives, thickeners, solvents, plasticizers, in textiles, in concrete additives, production of polyvinyl alcohol
IE1 17 Poly(Vinylpyrrolidone)/ PVP adhesives, toiletries, hair spray, detergents, pharmaceuticals and in textile industry for fibre treatment, blood replacement
IE1 18 Propanone/ Acetone/ Dimethyl Ketone solvent, manufacture of various chemicals, glues, adhesives, polystyrene cements, dyes, nail polish removers, wood hardeners, storage of acetylene gases in small quantities in normal human urine, in larger amounts in that of diabetics
IE1 19 Pyridine solvent particularly for plastics, manufacture of nicotinic acid, various drugs and rubber chemicals Very smelly, causes temporary sterility in males
IE1 20 Sodium Hydroxide/ Caustic Soda pulp production for paper, viscose and cellulose, manufacture of other chemicals, vegetable oils, aluminium, petrochemicals, textiles, soap, detergents, oven cleaners and drain cleaners
IE1 21 Styrene/ Ethenylbenzene/ Vinylbenzene manufacture of polymers particularly polystyrene and synthetic rubber, stabilising agent, dental filling component, food packaged in polystyrene, floor waxes, paints, adhesives, putty, metal cleaners, car fillers, two-part fillers, cigarette smoke possibly carcinogenic to humans
IE1 22 Toluene high-octane aviation and motor fuel, solvent, manufacture of benzene, caprolactam, phenol and dyestuffs, damp treatments, glues, inks, paints, lacquers, perfumes, nail varnish, furniture polish, extraction of various principles from plants, adhesives
IE1 23 Triethanolamine/ Tri-(2-Hydroxyethyl)Amine detergents, emulsifying agents, manufacture of cosmetics, toiletries, bactericidal and herbicidal products.
IE1 24 Vinyl Acetate/ Ethenyl Ethanoate/ Vinyl Ethanoate manufacture of adhesives, paints, coatings, paper and textile finishes, moulding components
IE1 25 o-Xylene industrial solvent, petrol ingredient, phthalic anhydride, sterilising catgut
       
INDUSTRIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL TEST KIT 2
25 Vials $85
Code Chemical Common Uses Comments
IE2 26 Abietic Acid plastics, paints, varnishes, paper size, detergents used extensively
IE2 27 Aniline antioxidants, rubber manufacture, dyes and pharmaceuticals US 372,000 tons in 1986
IE2 28 Aviation Gasoline in air pollution
IE2 29 Benzene industrial pollution - given off when petrol put into cars*, industrial solvent, ethylbenzene, cumene, cyclohexane, styrene, phenol, nylon, synthetic detergents, dyes, paints, varnish removers, adhesives, pharmaceuticals
IE2 30 Bromomethane/ fumigates soil, commodities, grain, warehouses and mills very toxic, widely used
IE2 31 Capryl Alcohol/ 1-Octanol/ Secondary Octyl Alcohol foam-reducing agent, plasticizers, perfumery, cosmetics, solvent, chemical intermediate
IE2 32 Cellulose Acetate fibres for clothing and furnishing, lacquer, cellophane, cigarette filters, magnetic tape, spectacle frames, screwdriver handles
IE2 33 Cetyl Alcohol/ Hexadecanol extensively used in pharmaceutical and cosmetics, gel stabiliser for greases
IE2 34 Chloromethane/
Methyl Chloride
silicones, anti-knock additive in petrol, butyl rubber manufacture, methyl cellulose, blowing agent for polystyrene foam
IE2 35 Decyl Alcohol/ Decanol plasticizers, detergents commercially important
IE2 36 1,2-Diaminoethane/ Ethylenediamine detergents, emulsifying agents, industrial solvent, textiles, paper, coatings, films, adhesives, rubber formulation
IE2 37 1,2-Dibromoethane/
Ethylene Dibromide
leaded petrol, fumigant for stored products, nematocide
IE2 38 Dichloromethane/
Methylene Chloride
industrial solvent, paint remover, degreaser, aerosol propellant
IE2 39 Diesel Range Organics air pollution contains n-decane, n-dodecane, n-tetradecane, n-hexadecane, n-octadecane, n-eicosane, n-docosane, n-tetracosane, n-hexacosane, n-octacosane, n-hexane
IE2 40 Dimethylamine manufacture of other chemicals, including solvents, herbicides, fungicides and rubber accelerators
IE2 41 Dioctyl Phthalate plastics most commonly used plasticiser; can migrate into food from packaging
IE2 42 Ethanol/ Ethyl Alcohol/
Alcohol/ Spirits of Wine
starting point for many other chemicals, in foodstuffs, as solvent , cosmetics, alcoholic drinks, methylated spirit, surgical spirit
IE2 43 bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Phthalate one of most common phthalates found in food samples. Carcinogenic in mice and rats.
IE2 44 Glycolic Acid/ Hydroxyethanoic Acid/ Hydroxyacetic Acid textile and leather processing, cleaning (metals and dairy sanitation)
IE2 45 Halazone sterilisation of drinking water
IE2 46 Jet Turbine Fuel air pollution
IE2 47 Methanoic Acid/
Formic Acid
textile dyeing and finishing, leather tanning, intermediate for other chemicals
IE2 48 Monoethanolamine/
2-AminoEthyl Alcohol/
2-Hydroxyethylamine
detergents, emulsifying agents, manufacture of cosmetics, toiletries, bactericidal and herbicidal products great commercial importance
IE2 49 Nitric Acid fertilisers, explosives, dyestuffs, wart preparations  
IE2 50 Phthalic Anhydride dyestuffs, plasticizers, alkyd resins  
       
INDUSTRIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL TEST KIT 3
25 Vials $85
Code Chemical Common Uses Comments
IE 51 Adipic Acid Used in the manufacture of nylon, polyester, polyurethane, polypropylene and PVC. Also used in detergents.  
IE 52 Aluminium Hydroxide / Aluminium Trihydrate / Aluminium Hydrate Used in vaccines, manufacture of glass and glazes, as a flame retardant in plastics, in paper manufacture, printing inks, detergents, for waterproofing fabrics, in mouthwashes and deodorants. Also used as a carrier of artificial colourings particular for uses involving colouring oils and fats, or where the product does not contain sufficient water to dissolve the colour. (Would not need to be shown in the list of ingredients when used as a colour carrier.  
IE 53 Bisphenol A Major constituent of plastics. Also used as a sealant and in adhesives including in dentistry. An endocrine disruptor, which can mimic body's own hormones. Worrying levels found in breast milk and in people generally. In 2007, a consensus statement by 38 experts on bisphenol A concluded that average levels in people are above those that cause harm to animals in laboratory experiments.  
IE 54 1,3-Butadiene An important industrial chemical used as in the production of synthetic rubber.  
IE 55 2-Chloro-1,3-Butadiene / Chloroprene Involved in the production of polychloroprene/neoprene.  
IE 56 Dibromacetic Acid /
DBA
Found in drinking water when chlorine disinfectants combine with naturally occurring organic matter.  
IE 57 Ethylene Dichloride /
1,2-Dichloroethane
Used in the manufacture of vinyl chloride. Also an additive in petrol and so found in vehicle exhaust fumes.  
IE 58 Glutaraldehyde Glutaraldehyde-based disinfectants used for cleaning and sterilising equipment and surfaces in hospitals, dentists, etc. Used in manufacture of paper packaging that will be in contact with food.  
IE 59 Heptane A solvent used in the production of oils, and in manufacture of adhesives.  
IE 60 Hexachlorobenzene / Perchlorobenzene A chemical intermediate and a solvent for pesticides. Has been identified in breast milk.  
IE 61 Hexane A widely used industrial chemical used, for example, in pesticide manufacture, as a cleaning agent in the printing industry, and as a solvent for varnishes and adhesives.  
IE 62 Perfluorononanoic Acid / PFNA Used in industrial processes; some industrial chemicals may degrade into this chemical. A developmental toxicant and an immune system toxicant.  
IE 63 Perfluorooctanesulfonic Acid / PFOS / Perfluorooctane
Sulfonate / Heptadecafluorooctanesulfonic Acid
Used to make fire-fighting foams, in textiles, paper, and leather; in wax, polishes, paints, varnishes, and cleaning products for general use; in metal surfaces, and carpets.  
IE 64

Perfluorooctanoic Acid /
PFOA /C8/
Perfluorocaprylic Acid

Used in mixing process for dyes, detergents and personal care products; non-stick cookware and stain- and water-resistant coatings for carpets and fabrics. Detected in the blood of general populations in the low parts per billion range where single studies have associated it with infertility, higher cholesterol, and thyroid disease. In highly exposed groups, some studies have associated PFOA exposure with birth defects, increased cancer rates, and changes to lipid levels, the immune system and the liver.  
IE 65 Phthalate Mix Used to make plastics softer and more flexible. Wide spread health concerns. This vial contains Benzyl butyl phthalate, Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate, Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Dibutyl phthalate, Diethyl phthalate, Dimethyl phthalate and Dioctyl phthalate.  
IE 66 Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) Mixed A group of chemicals that have been banned but are still found in the environment, electrical equipment, wall coverings, paints and plastic. Have been found in breast milk. This vial contains 2-Chlorobiphenyl , Decachlorobiphenyl ,3,3?-Dichlorobiphenyl, 2,2?,3,4?,5,5?,6-Heptachlorobiphenyl, 2,2?,3,3?,6,6?-Hexachlorobiphenyl, 2,2?,3,3?,4,4?,5,5?,6-Nonachlorobiphenyl, 2,2?,3,3?,4,4?,5,5?-Octachlorobiphenyl, 2,3?,4,5?,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl, 2,2?,4,4?-Tetrachlorobiphenyl and 2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl.  
IE 67 Polyethylene /
Polythene / PE
Most common plastic. This vial contains high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE). Used to make milk bottles, washing up liquid bottles, children's toys, carrier bags, bin liners and industrial bags, Also used extensively for consumer packaging including shrink film and squeezy bottles for food, personal care products, etc.. Also found as carpet backing and in joint replacements.  
IE 68 Polyethylene Terephthalate/ PET / PETE Beverage, food and other liquid containers.Used in synthetic fibers. Trade names include Dacron, Diolen, Tergal, Terylene, Trevira, Cleartuf, Eastman PET, Polyclear, Hostaphan, Melinex and Mylar.  
IE 69 Polylactic acid /
Polylactide / PLA
Biodegradable so use likely to increase. Beverage cups, microwavable disposable trays, deli containers, sandwich packaging, medical sutures and stents.  
IE 70 Polymethylpentene Coating for paper food containers for microwave and conventional ovens; used for gas permeable packaging, autoclavable medical and laboratory equipment, microwave components, and cookware.  
IE 71 Polypropylene/
Polypropene / PP
Second most common plastic. Used for dishwasher-safe and microwavable food containers, drinking straws, yoghurt pots and margarine tubs, confectionery and tobacco packaging. Used for carpets under the trade names of Olefin, Astra, Zylon and Charisma. Other uses include toys, drinking straws, car/automobile interiors, artificial grass, bristles for brushes and brooms, thermal and cold weather sports clothing, and toner for photocopiers and printers.  
IE 72 Polystyrene/ PS Yoghurt pots, egg boxes, plastic cutlery and foam drink cups; protective packaging and insulation.  
IE 73 Polytetrafluoroethylene /
PTFE / Teflon
Used in non-stick cookware, plumbers’ jointing tape, and as an additive in lubricants.  
IE 74 Tetrachloroethylene / Perchloroethylene / PCE /
Ethylene Tetrachloride/
PERC
A solvent commonly used in dry-cleaning fluid, spot removers, aerosols, shoe polishes and typewriter correction fluid. Also used by car/automobile mechanics. High levels found in breast milk.  
IE 75 Trichloroethylene A solvent used to remove grease from textiles and metal parts, and in the extraction of vegetable oils. Restrictions on levels in drinking water.  
INDUSTRIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL TEST KIT 4
25 Vials $85
More environmental chemicals including flame retardants, water fluoridation chemicals, some of the toxic substances found in cigarette smoke, Chloroform, Sulphur Dioxide, Vinyl Chloride and Disperse Blue a dark clothing dye known to be highly allergenic. Plus a Hydrocarbon Mix vial and an Indoor Air Pollution Mix vial.

IE 4 76 Acrolein
Primarily used as an intermediate in the synthesis of acrylic acid and as a biocide; may be formed in cigarette smoke, from burning oil (including cooking oil), from the breakdown of certain pollutants in outdoor air, vehicle exhaust fumes, and forest and wild fires. Toxic and is a strong irritant for the skin, eyes, and nasal passages.

IE 4 77 Acrylonitrile
In cigarette smoke; used in the manufacture of acrylic and modacrylic fibres; also used as a raw material in the manufacture of plastics; may be released to the air during its manufacture and use; also from landfills, and through incineration of sewage sludge.

IE 4 78 Carbon Monoxide / CO
Produced from the partial oxidation of carbon-containing compounds, forming when there is not enough oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, such as when operating a stove or an internal combustion engine in an enclosed space. Natural sources of CO include volcanoes, forest fires, and other forms of combustion. Produced in normal metabolism in low quantities, and is thought to have some normal biological functions.

IE 4 79 Chloroform
May be released into the air from a large number of sources related to its manufacture and use, including pulp and paper mills, hazardous waste sites, and sanitary landfills; also formed in the chlorination of water (drinking, waste and swimming pools); chlorinated drinking water releases chloroform when hot water is used in the home.

IE 4 80 Decabromodiphenyl Ether / Pentabromophenyl Ether
Flame retardant; used in soft furnishings, some synthetic curtains and the backs of televisions.

IE 4 81 Disperse Blue 106 and 124
Two dark blue textile dyes found in fabrics coloured dark blue, brown, black, purple, and some greens; frequently found in acetate and polyester liners of clothing, and in lycra exercise clothing in these colours; also in dark nylon stockings / panty hose. Known to cause dermatitis.

IE 4 82 Fluorosilicic Acid / Hexafluorosiliicic Acid / Silicofluoric acid
The most commonly used chemical for water fluoridation.

IE 4 83 1,2,5,6,9,10-Hexabromocyclododecane / HBCD / HBCDD
A flame retardant; primary application is in extruded and expanded polystyrene foam that is used as thermal insulation in the building industry; also used in upholstered furniture, automobile interior textiles, car cushions and insulation blocks in trucks, packaging material, video cassette recorder housing and electric and electronic equipment.

IE 4 84 Hexachlorobutadiene / Hexachloro-1,3-Butadeine / HCBD
Used mainly as an intermediate in the manufacture of rubber compounds; also used in the production of lubricants, as a fluid for gyroscopes, as a heat transfer liquid, and in hydraulic fluids. Small amounts found in the air and in drinking water.

IE 4 85 Hydrocarbon Mix
Contains decane, hexadecane, tetratriacontane and pentacontane; the major part of diesel and aviation fuel, part of lubricating oils and anti-corrosive agents.

IE 4 86 Indoor Air Pollution Mix
50 chemicals commonly found (and of concern) in indoor air pollution including 2-propanol, n-undecane, styrene, acetone, m-xylene, etc.

IE 4 87 Isoprene / 2-methyl-1,3-Butadiene
Produced and emitted by many species of trees into the atmosphere (major producers are oaks, poplars, eucalyptus, and some legumes). Cigarette smoke.

IE 4 88 Isopropanol / Isopropyl Alcohol
One of the most widely used solvents in the world; also used as a chemical intermediate.

IE 4 89 n-Butanol / 1-Butanol / Butyl Alcohol
Present in many foods and beverages; a permitted artificial flavourant in the United States; an ingredient in perfumes and used as a solvent for the extraction of essential oils; used in the manufacture of antibiotics, hormones, and vitamins;as a solvent for paints, coatings, natural resins, gums, synthetic resins, dyes, alkaloids, and camphor; acts as a swelling agent in textiles, as a component of hydraulic brake fluids, cleaning formulations, degreasers, and repellents, and as a component of ore floation agents, and of wood-treating systems.

IE 4 90 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / PAH Mix
Produced when coal, oil, gas, petrol, wood, garbage, forming small particles in the air. High temperature cooking will form PAHs in meat and in other foods. Cigarette smoke contains PAHs. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has designated 32 PAH compounds as priority pollutant. Exposure linked to decreased lung function, neurological disorders, cancer, heart attacks, low birth weight, premature births and childhood developmental delay.

IE 4 91 Potassium Dichromate
Most commonly found in cement and leather; also found in chemicals used to etch/clean glass, photography and photographic screen printing. Common allergen.

IE 4 92 Propylene Dichloride / 1,2-Dichloropropane
Used as a chemical intermediate in the production of chlorinated organic chemicals, as an industrial solvent, in ion exchange manufacture, in toluene diisocyanate production, in photographic film manufacture, for paper coating, and for petroleum catalyst regeneration. Propylene dichloride is also emitted from landfills.

IE 4 93 Quinoline
Used mainly as an intermediate in the manufacture of other products; also used as a catalyst, a corrosion inhibitor, in metallurgical processes, in the manufacture of dyes, as a preservative for anatomical specimens, in polymers and agricultural chemicals, and as a solvent for resins and terpenes. It is also used as an antimalarial medicine. A potential source of very low exposure to quinoline includes the inhalation of ambient air contaminated by emissions from petroleum refining, quenching and coking, and wastewater processing.

IE 4 94 Sodium Fluoride Used in water fluoridation.

IE 4 95 Sodium Fluorosilicate Used in water fluoridation.

IE 4 96 Sodium Sulphite
Used in water treatment and to reduce chlorine levels in pools, and in the pulp and paper industry; used in photographic developing and in the textile industry and the leather trade. Used as a preservative to prevent dried fruit from discolouring and for preserving meats.

IE 4 97 Sulphur Dioxide
Major air pollutant, particularly after a volcanic eruption. Can cause breathing difficulty for people with asthma; long-term exposure causes respiratory illness and aggravates cardiovascular diseases; linked to infant death, ischemic stroke, respiratory disease, and premature death. Used as a preservative for dried fruit; used in wine making.

IE 4 98 3,3,5,5-Tetrabromobisphenol A / TBBPA / 4,4-Isopropylidenebis(2,6-dibromophenol)
A flame retardant used in televisions and printed circuit boards; an endocrine disruptor and immunotoxicant; structurally mimics the thyroid hormone thyroxin (T4) and can bind more strongly to the transport protein transthyretin than T4 does, likely interfering with normal T4 activity.

IE 4 99 Trihalomethanes Mix
Many trihalomethanes find uses in industry as solvents or refrigerants. THMs are also environmental pollutants, and many are considered carcinogenic. Formed as a by-product predominantly when chlorine is used to disinfect water for drinking.

IE 4 100 Vinyl Chloride
Found in cigarette smoke, used to make PVC plastic and vinyl products. Sources of emissions include the discharge of exhaust gases from factories that manufacture or process vinyl chloride, landfills, or evaporation from areas where chemical wastes are stored.