PARASITE # 1 TEST KIT
 
PARASITE # 2 TEST KIT
 
PARASITE # 3 TEST KIT
31 Vials $110
 
35 Vials $120
 
28 Vials $105
The energy patterns of tapeworms, pinworms, roundworms and liver flukes.

Parasite: “any organism living in or on any other living creature and deriving advantage from doing so, while causing disadvantage to the host” - BMA Complete Family Health Encyclopaedia

Parasites are commonly acquired by eating contaminated meat, swallowing eggs on food, contaminating fingers with faecal material or through contact with infected water.

Parasites are divided into the following categories:

1. flatworms (also called platyhelminths)
a) tapeworms (also called cestodes)
b) flukes (also called trematodes)

2. roundworms
a) threadworms
b) pinworms
c) hookworms

Life stages
Roundworms: egg to larva to adult
Tapeworms: egg to larva to encased by body in a cyst to adult
Fluke: egg to miracidia to redia to cercaria to metacercaria to adult

Scolex = part of tapeworm attached by suckers and hooks to gut wall of host; sometimes called head
Proglottides = segment-like units of the tapeworm body which, when mature, leave the gut of the primary host in the faeces; they are budded off from the scolex

The descriptions below are Latin name, common name, symptoms & comments in that order

PA1 Ancylostoma Caninum
Hookworm
Damage to intestinal walls, anemia, itchy skin, dizziness, pneumonitis, anorexia.
Tropical parasite; usual host is dogs.

PA2 Ancylostoma, Egg
Hookworm
Tropical parasite; picked up from working barefoot amongst faeces or eating contaminated food.

PA3 Ancylostoma, Female
Hookworm
Tropical parasite; picked up from working barefoot amongst faeces or eating contaminated food.

PA4 Ascaris, Female
Human roundworm
Sometimes asymptomatic; urticaria; mild to acute colicky pain with distension; reduced appetite; larvae in lungs can provoke pneumonia the most common worm infection.
World wide, particularly in developing countries; commonly found in dogs and cats.

PA5 Ascaris, Male
Human roundworm
Commonly found in cats and dogs sometimes asymptomatic; urticaria; mild to acute colicky pain with distension; reduced appetite; larvae in lungs can provoke pneumonia.
The most common worm infection world wide, particularly in developing countries.

PA6 Cimex
Bed bug
Itchy, painful bites which can lead to bacterial infection.
Lives in plaster, walls, furniture, bed frames.

PA7 Clonorchis Sinensis
Human oriental liver fluke.
Chronic liver disease; death if left untreated.
Widespread in China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam; via domestic dogs and cats.

PA8 Culex Imago, Female
Gnat/ mosquito

PA9 Dipylidium, Scolex Mature & Gravid Proglottides
Tapeworm
Grows in segments; the end can be uterus packed with eggs.

PA10 Echinococcus Granulosus
Tapeworm
Affects liver, lungs, brain and bones.
From sheep and cattle.

PA11 Enterobius Vermicularis
Threadworm
Often cause itching of the anus; may provoke appendicitis.
The most common worm infection in U.K. ; lives in upper part of large intestine; children particularly affected.

PA12 Fasciola
Liver fluke

PA13 Fasciola, Cercaria
Liver fluke
Mainly lives in liver of sheep.

PA14 Fasciola, Egg
Liver fluke
Mainly in liver of sheep.

PA15 Fasiola, Redia
Liver fluke

PA16 Necator Americanus, Eggs
Hookworm
Symptoms can include coughing and wheezing, but may be asymptomatic.
Common infection in the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and the Pacific.

PA17 Onchocerca Volvulus
Filarial worm
Asymptomatic until worm dies when causes inflammation and itching.
Predominantly Africa, but also South America and Yemen.

PA18 Paragonimus Westermani, Eggs
Lung fluke
Coughing, chest pains, fever, night sweats.
Most important lung fluke affecting humans, widespread in the Far East and SE Asia.

PA19 Pediculus Humanus Capitis
Lice
Itching can spread other diseases such as typhus and trench fever.

PA20 Schistosoma Mansoni, Adult Female
Blood fluke
Common tropical fluke, responsible for bilharzia.
Found in Africa, parts of S. America, the Caribbean and Arabia.

PA21 Schistosoma Mansoni, Cercariae
Blood fluke
Common tropical fluke, responsible for bilharzia.
Found in Africa, parts of S. America, the Caribbean and Arabia.

PA22 Schistosoma Mansoni, Egg
Blood fluke
Common tropical fluke, responsible for bilharzia.
Found in Africa, parts of S. America, the Caribbean and Arabia.

PA23 Schistosoma Mansoni, Miracidia
Blood fluke
Common tropical fluke, responsible for bilharzia.
Found in Africa, parts of S. America, the Caribbean and Arabia

PA24 Taenia, Scolex
Tapeworm
Hunger, weakness, weight loss.
From eating uncooked meat; common in tropical countries.

PA25 Taenia, Scolex Immature, Mature & Gravid Proglottids
Tapeworm
Hunger, weakness, weight loss.
From eating uncooked meat; common in tropical countries.

PA26 Trichinella Spiralis, Encysted Larvae
Intestinal nematode/ pork-worm
Abdominal pain and diarrhoea followed by muscle and joint pain and fever.
Found in Europe, sub-Saharan Africa and the Arctic, main sources are undercooked pork and wild meat

PA27 Trichinella Spiralis, Female
Intestinal nematode/ pork-worm
Abdominal pain and diarrhoea followed by muscle and joint pain and fever.
Found in Europe, sub-Saharan Africa and the Arctic, main sources are undercooked pork and wild meat.

PA28 Trichinella Spiralis, Male
Intestinal nematode/ pork-worm
Abdominal pain and diarrhoea followed by muscle and joint pain and fever.
Found in Europe, sub-Saharan Africa and the Arctic, main sources are undercooked pork and wild meat.

PA29 Trichuris Trichiura
Whipworm
Asymptomatic but can cause dysentery-like illness.
World-wide distribution.

PA30 Trichuris Trichiura, Egg
Whipworm
Asymptomatic but can cause dysentery-like illness.
World-wide distribution

PA31 Xenopsylla Cheopsis
Rat flea
Transmits plague, typhus and two tape worms.

 

The energy patterns of various forms of hookworms, tapeworms, roundworms, blood flukes, liver flukes, lung flukes, blastocystis hominis, endomilax nana, etc. It does not duplicate parasite test kit 1, but contains some completely different parasites and some of the same parasites but at different life stages.

PA32 Amblyomma Americanum
Lone star tick
A major carrier of Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme disease.

PA33 Ancylostoma Braziliense
Human hookworm
Severe skin itching.

PA34 Ancylostoma Duodenale, Male
Human hookworm
Itching, gastrointestinal bleeding, iron deficiency.
Common in north Africa, northern India, northern parts of the Far East and the Andean region of South America.

PA35 Ascaris Lumbricoides, Eggs
Human roundworm
Sometimes asymptomatic; urticaria; mild to acute colicky pain with distension; reduced appetite; larvae in lungs can provoke pneumonia.
Commonly found in cats and dogs.

PA36 Blastocystis Hominis
Watery or loose stools, diarrhea, abdominal pain, anal itching, weight loss, and excess gas.
Common microscopic parasitic organism found throughout the world.

PA37 Chilomastix Mesnili, Cysts
An amoeba found in intestine.
Viewed as harmless by the medical profession.

PA38 Chilomastix Mesnili, Trophozoites
An amoeba found in intestine.
Viewed as harmless by the medical profession.

PA39 Clonorchis Sinensis, Eggs
Human oriental liver fluke
Chronic liver disease; death if left untreated.
Widespread in China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam; via domestic dogs and cats.

PA40 Ctenocephalides Felis, Adult
Cat flea

PA41 Dermacentor Andersoni, Nymph
Tick which carries Rocky Mountain fever

PA42 Dermacentor Variabilis, Male
American dog tick
Transmits spotted fever; carries Lyme disease bacteria, but unclear if can transmit it to humans.

PA43 Dientamoeba Fragilis
Found in large intestine; abdominal pain, gas and mild diarrhoea.

PA44 Diphyllobothrium, Eggs
Broadfish tapeworm
Found in small intestine from eating raw or undercooked fish.
Prevalent in Scandanavia and around American Great Lakes.

PA45 Dirofilaria Immitis
Dog heartworm
In dogs & cats, rarely in humans.

PA46 Endolimax Nana, Cyst
An amoeba found in intestine.
Viewed as harmless by the medical profession.

PA47 Enterobius Vermicularis, Eggs
Threadworm
Often cause itching of the anus; may provoke appendicitis; lives in upper part of large intestine.
The most common worm infection in U.K. ; children particularly affected.

PA48 Fasciolopsis Buski, Eggs
Chronic infections may lead to inflammation, ulceration, hemorrhage, and abscesses of the small intestine.
Found in S E Asia.

PA49 Hymenolepis Nana / Vampirolepis Nana, Eggs
Dwarf tapeworm
Often no symptoms; headaches, dizziness, anorexia, abdominal pain, diarrhea.
A particular problem in humans in areas of high population density and close contact, and where sanitary conditions are poor; most common tapeworm worldwide.

PA50 Isospora, Oocysts
Infection causes acute, non bloody diarrhea with crampy abdominal pain, which can last for weeks and result in malabsorption and weight loss.

PA51 Necator Americanus, Adult
New world hookworm
Symptoms can include coughing and wheezing, but may be asymptomatic.
Common infection in the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and the Pacific.

PA52 Necator Americanus, Infective Larvae
New world hookworm
Symptoms can include coughing and wheezing, but may be asymptomatic.
Common infection in the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and the Pacific

PA53 Paragonimus Westermanii, Adult
Oriental lung fluke
Coughing, chest pains, fever, night sweats.
Most important lung fluke affecting humans, widespread in the Far East and SE Asia.

PA54 Paragonimus Westermanii, Cercaria
Oriental lung fluke
Coughing, chest pains, fever, night sweats.
Most important lung fluke affecting humans, widespread in the Far East and SE Asia.

PA55 Paragonimus Westermanii, Metacercaria
Oriental lung fluke
Coughing, chest pains, fever, night sweats.
Most important lung fluke affecting humans, widespread in the Far East and SE Asia.

PA56 Paragonimus Westermanii, Redia
Oriental lung fluke
Coughing, chest pains, fever, night sweats.
Most important lung fluke affecting humans, widespread in the Far East and SE Asia.

PA57 Pulex Irritans, Adult
Human flea
Common flea

PA58 Sarcoptes Scabiel
Itch mite, mange mite
Scabies.

PA59 Schistosoma Haematobium, Eggs
Blood fluke
Urinary tract infection, bilharzia.
Found in Africa and Middle East.

PA60 Schistosoma Haematobium, Female
Blood fluke
Urinary tract infection, bilharzia.
Found in Africa and Middle East.

PA61 Schistosoma Japonicum, Eggs
Blood fluke
Fever, bloody diarrhoea, bilharzia.
Found in Far East, but eradicated in Japan.

PA62 Schistosoma Japonicum, Male
Blood fluke
Fever, bloody diarrhoea, bilharzia.
Found in Far East, but eradicated in Japan.

PA63 Schistisoma Mansoni, Male
Blood fluke
Bilharzia.
Found in Africa, parts of S. America, the Caribbean and Arabia.

PA64 Strongyloides Parasitic, Female
Often asymptomatic, but heavy infestation leads to bloody diarrhoea, anaemia and abdominal pain.
Tropical and subtropical countries, particularly South East Asia, Brazil and Columbia.

PA65 Strongyloides, Larvae
Often asymptomatic, but heavy infestation leads to bloody diarrhoea, anaemia and abdominal pain.
Tropical and subtropical countries, particularly South East Asia, Brazil and Columbia.

PA66 Toxocara, Eggs
Cat and dog roundworm
Permanent partial loss of vision; heavier, or repeated can lead to fever, coughing, asthma, or pneumonia.
Spread from dogs and cats.

 

More parasites, including different life stages of parasites in other kits.

PA3 67 Ancylostoma Duodenale / Old World Hookworm, Eggs
Lives in the small intestine of hosts such as humans, cats and dogs; abundant throughout the world, including in the following areas: southern Europe, north Africa, India, China, southeast Asia, some areas in the United States, the Caribbean, and South America.

PA3 68 Brugia Malayi / Brugian Filariasis, Microfilaria
A nematode (roundworm), one of the three causative agents of lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) in humans; restricted to South and South East Asia.

PA3 69 Capillaria Hepatica / Hepaticola Hepatica / Calodium Hepaticum, Eggs
Causes hepatic capillariasis; found in rats, a wide variety of other wild and domestic mammals, and occasionally humans; has been found in temperate and tropical zones on every continent.

PA3 70 Dicrocoelium Dendriticum / Sheep Liver Fluke
Usually infects the bile duct; in heavier infections, bile ducts and the biliary epithelium may become enlarged in addition to the generation of fibrous tissue surrounding the ducts, and as a result, causing an enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) or inflammation of the liver (cirrhosis); worldwide distribution particularly in grazing land near forest areas (good for molluscs) and dry pastures with little other biodiversity (good for the ants) both increased parasite prevalence (molluscs and ants are hosts). Humans can become hosts after accidentally ingesting infected ants.

PA3 71 Diphyllobothrium Latum,Immature Proglottid
Tapeworm causing Diphyllobothriasis in humans through consumption of raw or undercooked fish; native to Scandinavia, western Russia, and the Baltics, though it is now also present in North America, especially the Pacific Northwest.

PA3 72 Diphyllobothrium Latum,Mature Proglottid
Tapeworm causing Diphyllobothriasis in humans through consumption of raw or undercooked fish; native to Scandinavia, western Russia, and the Baltics, though it is now also present in North America, especially the Pacific Northwest.

PA3 73 Dipylidium Caninum, Eggs
Infects organisms afflicted with fleas and canine chewing lice, including dogs, cats, and sometimes human pet-owners, especially children; most infections are asymptomatic, but sometimes mild diarrhoea, abdominal colic, anorexia, restlessness, constipation, rectal itching and pain due to emerging proglottids through the anal cavity.

PA3 74 Dipylidium Caninum, Immature Proglottid
Infects organisms afflicted with fleas and canine chewing lice, including dogs, cats, and sometimes human pet-owners, especially children; most infections are asymptomatic, but sometimes mild diarrhoea, abdominal colic, anorexia, restlessness, constipation, rectal itching and pain due to emerging proglottids through the anal cavity.

PA3 75 Dipylidium Caninum, Mature Proglottid
Infects organisms afflicted with fleas and canine chewing lice, including dogs, cats, and sometimes human pet-owners, especially children; most infections are asymptomatic, but sometimes mild diarrhoea, abdominal colic, anorexia, restlessness, constipation, rectal itching and pain due to emerging proglottids through the anus.

PA3 76 Dirofilaria Immitis, Microfilariae
A parasitic roundworm that is spread from host to host through the bites of mosquitoes; definitive host is the dog, but it can also infect cats, wolves, coyotes, foxes and other animals and under very rare circumstances, humans. (Microfilariae are live young that circulate in the bloodstream for as long as two years, waiting for the next stage in their life cycles in the gut of a bloodsucking mosquito.)

PA3 77 Echinococcus Granulosus / Hydatid Worm / Hyper Tapeworm / Dog Tapeworm, Cyst
First document in Alaska but is distributed world-wide; especially prevalent in parts of Eurasia, north and east Africa, Australia, and South America. Most prevalent in sheep farming communities.

PA3 78 Fasciola Hepatica / Common Liver Fluke,Eggs
Infects the livers of various mammals, including humans; human infections occur in parts of Europe, northern Iran, northern Africa, Cuba, South America, especially the Altiplano regions of the Peruvian and Bolivian Andes; also an emerging problem in Vietnam and Cambodia.

PA3 79 Hymenolepis Nana / Vampirolepis Nana / Dwarf Tapeworm
One of the most common intestinal worms infecting humans, especially children; common in temperate zones. Most people who are infected do not have any symptoms. Those who have symptoms may experience nausea, weakness, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Young children, especially those with a heavy infection, may develop a headache, itchy bottom, or have difficulty sleeping. Sometimes infection is misdiagnosed as a pinworm infection.

PA3 80 Loa Loa / Eye Worm
Found in Africa and India; travels from the entry site through subcutaneous tissues, causing inflammation in the skin wherever they travel.

PA3 81 Macracanthorhynchus Hirudinaceus, Eggs
Lives in the intestines of pigs, and very occasionally in humans or dogs. It causes enteritis, gastritis or peritonitis.

PA3 82 Macracanthorhynchus Hirudinaceus, Eggs
Found in Africa and tropical Americas, spread by biting midges or blackflies; usually asymptomatic.

PA3 83 Schistosoma Japonicum, Cercaria
Found in China, but now eradicated in Japan; often asymptomatic, but may experience fever, cough, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, hepatosplenomegaly, and eosinophilia. Occasionally central nervous system lesions occur: cerebral granulomatous disease may be caused by ectopic S. japonicum eggs in the brain.

PA3 84 Schistosoma Japonicum, Female
Found in China, but now eradicated in Japan; often asymptomatic, but may experience fever, cough, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, hepatosplenomegaly, and eosinophilia.

PA3 85 Schistosoma Japonicum, Miracidium
Found in China, but now eradicated in Japan; often asymptomatic, but may experience fever, cough, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, hepatosplenomegaly, and eosinophilia.

PA3 86 Schistosoma Japonicum, Sporocyst
Found in China, but now eradicated in Japan; often asymptomatic, but may experience fever, cough, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, hepatosplenomegaly, and eosinophilia.

PA3 87 Schistosoma Mansoni, Male
Causes intestinal schistosomiasis; present in many countries, predominantly in South America and the Caribbean, Africa including Madagascar, and the Middle East.

PA3 88 Spirometra Mansoni, Egg
Occurs worldwide in distribution, although most human cases of sparganosis are recorded from southeast Asian countries. Sparganosis is endemic in animals throughout North America, although human cases from this area are rare.

PA3 89 Spirometra Mansoni, Immature Proglottid
Occurs worldwide in distribution, although most human cases of sparganosis are recorded from southeast Asian countries. Sparganosis is endemic in animals throughout North America, although human cases from this area are rare.

PA3 90 Spirometra Mansoni, Mature Proglottid
Occurs worldwide in distribution, although most human cases of sparganosis are recorded from southeast Asian countries. Sparganosis is endemic in animals throughout North America, although human cases from this area are rare.

PA3 91 Taenia Saginata / Beef Tapeworm,Immature Proglottid
Cattle are the intermediate hosts, where larval development occurs, while humans are definitive hosts harbouring the adult worms; found globally and most prevalently where cattle are raised and beef is consumed. It is relatively common in Africa, some parts of Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Latin America.

PA3 92 Taenia Solium / Pork Tapeworm, Eggs
Found throughout the world, and is most prevalent in countries where pork is eaten; usually asymptomatic, but in severe cases leads to intestinal irritation, anaemia, and indigestion.

PA3 93 Toxocara Canis / Dog Roundworm
Humans can be infected just by stroking an infected dog’s fur and accidentally ingesting infective eggs that may be present on the dog’s fur; results in hepatomegaly, myocarditis, respiratory failure and vision problems.

PA3 94 Tunga Penetrans / Chigoe Flea / Jigger
Native to Central and South America, but now also found sub-Saharan Africa; breeding females burrow into exposed skin on the feet and remain there for two weeks while developing eggs, during which time they swell dramatically, sometimes causing intense irritation; if the flea is left within the skin, dangerous complications can occur including secondary infections, loss of nails, and toe deformation.