PH 4: Endocrine System - 27 vials - $95
Alternative Name
PH401 Addison's disease, adrenocortical hypofunction, chronic adrenocortical insufficiency, adrenal insufficiency adrenocortical hormone deficiency because of damage to the adrenal cortex; the damage may be caused by the immune system attacking the gland, TB, cancer, infection, etc.
adrenal glands
PH402 Adenocarcinoma, a cancer arising in the glandular tissue of the pancreas; the most common form of pancreatic cancer
PH403 Adenoma, adrenal gland suprenal adenoma a benign tumour of the adrenal gland
PH404 Adenoma, A benign tumour of the parathyroid glands, which are located in the neck and help to regulate calcium metabolism
parathyroid gland
PH405 Adenoma, pituitary gland a tumour of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
PH406 Adrenal gland suprarenal organs responsible for producing steroid and other hormones essential for life
PH407 Colloid goitre, thyroid swelling of the thyroid gland in which the follicles of the gland are distended and filled with colloid (a gelatinous or mucinous substance)
PH408 Cyst, parathyroid gland a closed sac having a distinct membrane and developing abnormally in the parathyroid gland
PH409 Diabetes mellitus, pancreas pancreas showing changes of diabetes mellitus
PH410 Fatty infiltration, atrophy, pancreas infiltration of the tissues of the pancreas with excess amounts of fat, and wasting away of tissue
PH411 Follicular adenoma, thyroid a benign tumour of the thyroid gland
PH412 Follicular carcinoma, thyroid a type of thyroid cancer affecting the follicular cells which make thyroid hormone
Code Name Alternative Name Description
Goitre goiter See PH426
PH413 Grave's disease an autoimmune disease that causes overactivity of the thyroid gland
PH414 Hashimoto's disease Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Hashimoto's disease, Hashimoto's struma, struma lymphomatosa a chronic autoimmune disease that leads to thyroid enlargement, etc.
PH415 Islet cell tumour, pancreas cancer arising from cells in the islets of Langerhans (hormone-producing cells in the pancreas)
PH416 Large cell carcinoma, adrenal gland a cancer of the adrenal glands in which the cells are large and look abnormal under a microscope
PH417 Myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune disease that causes muscle weakness
PH418 Myxoedema myxedema a condition in which the thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone
PH419 Pancreas a glandular organ located in the abdomen; it makes pancreatic juices, which contain enzymes that aid in digestion, and it produces several hormones, including insulin
PH420 Papillary carcinoma, thyroid the most common thyroid gland carcinoma, often occurring before age 40 and much more common in women than in men
PH421 Parathyroid gland glands embedded in the thyroid gland; regulate calcium and phosphate levels in the blood
PH422 Phagocytosis, pancreas phagocytes devouring bacteria in the pancreas
Pineal gland epiphysis See PH427
PH423 Pituitary gland hypophysis the main endocrine gland, producing hormones that control other glands and many body functions, especially growth
PH424 Radiation change, thyroid changes to the thyroid gland brought about by radiation treatment to it
Code Name Alternative Name Description
PH425 Thyroid a gland located beneath the voice box (larynx) that produces thyroid hormone. The thyroid helps regulate growth and metabolism
PH426 Goitre goiter enlarged thyroid gland
PH427 Pineal gland epiphysis cerebri attached to the roof of the third ventricle near its junction with the mid-brain; secretes melatonin; full function is unclear